Bali Quick Facts and Figures


Official Name: Bali

Capital: Denpasar

Country: Indonesia



Time Zone: GMT + 8 hours

Area: 5,632.86 sq.km (2,175 sq mi)

Population: 3,551,000  (2009)

Density: 690.8/km2

Ethnic groups:

95% ethnic Balinese, plus Javanese minority

Religious Affiliations:

Hindu (93.19%)

Muslim (4.79%)

Christian (1.38%)

Buddhist (0.64%).


Life expectancy:

Male: 60 years

Females 63 years

Literacy rate:

Bali has an average literacy rate of 65%, lower than the national average of 74.04%; with 75.6% of the males and 54.5% of females literate.

Form of Government:

Bali is an Indonesian province. It is therefore ruled by a governor. Indonesia is a republic, with an elected legislature and president.

President of Indonesia: Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono ( Since 2004)

Bali Governor:  Made Mangku Pastika

Denpasar Mayor:  IB Rai Mantra Dharmawijaa

Administration:

Bali is one of the 27 provinces of Indonesia. Within Bali there are eight kabupatens or disctricts, which under the Dutch were known as regencies. Each district is headed by a government official known as a bupati. The districts are further subdivided into the sub districts called Kecamatan headed by a camat, the perbekels, headmen in charge of a desa ( village ) and finally, an enormous number of banjars, the local divisions of a village.

National Flag:


The national flag of Indonesia is also known as Sang Merah Putih in Indonesia. The Indonesia Flag consists of two equal horizontal bars. The horizontal bicolor flag of Indonesia has a red bar on the top side, and white bar on the bottom. The Indonesia flag is similar to the flag of Poland. The red color of the flag of Indonesia represents human blood or body and the white color interprets the human spirit.


The Province of Bali has its own flag, a light saffron, or orange-yellow, background that has the coat of arms of the Bali province in the center. It is not a civil flag, as it may only be flown with in the Balinese governor’s office.

The Bali coat of arms is a pentagon with a blue background. It features a Barong, which is a traditional Balinese mask. In Balinese myth, the Barong is a protective, good spirit that guards villages. On the bottom, there is a lotus flower as well as two hand fans, called kipas, that are framing the flower. Around this is a temple and below is a banner with the words ‘Bali Dwipa Jaya’ which means ‘Glorious Bali Island’.

History of the Bali Flag:

Little is known of the Bali flag, other than it is a provincial flag, and not a civil flag. It is only flown with in the governor’s office, inside parliament buildings, and perhaps during provincial events. It is rumored that the all Indonesian provinces have similar flags with their separate coats of arms adorning them that were designed using official government specs. While there is no law forbidding the use of the Bali flag by ordinary citizens, it is not often used by the general public.

As an Indonesian province, Bali technically flies under the red and white flag of Indonesia, which is called the Sang Saka Merah Putih (The Red and White). This flag has two horizontal bands, with red on top and white on bottom. The red symbolizes bravery while the white symbolizes the spiritual. The Indonesian flag was first flown on August 17th, 1945. The colors are adapted from a flag flown in the 13th century during the Majapahit Empire.

The flag was originally revived in Java in 1926 to protest Dutch rule, but was subsequently banned for the remainder of the Dutch occupation in Indonesia. There are unconfirmed rumors the current flag was actually created when members of the Indonesian independence movement tore the bottom blue stripe from the dutch flag, thus leaving the red and white behind. The first official red and white flag from 1945 is named

The red, white & blue stripes symbolize the nation, Buddhism and the monarchy respectively.

Flora: Lush tropical

Fauna: Jalak Putih (white starling).

Primary Products:

Rice, corn and horticulture.

Commercial Crops:

Coconut, clove, coffee, rubber, vanilla and fruits.

Fish Products:

Tuna, skipjack tuna, baramundi, shrimp, seaweed, giant gouramy and common carp.

Handicraft:

The Balinese are known for their outstanding wood and stone carving.

Industries:

Leather, Garment & Textile

Major exports:

garments, handicrafts, and agricultural products such as fish, coffee, tuna, seaweed, and vanilla.

Major imports:

machinery and equipment, chemicals, fuels and foodstuffs

Major trade partners for exports:

Japan, The United States and Singapore

GDP Growth Rate:
4.1%